Cardiovascular Disease

This remains one of the biggest killers in the world today and it’s largely preventable. We can all lower our risk of cardiovascular disease and this is especially true of those at high risk.

The main risk factors are:
• Age
• Male sex
• Family History
• Smoking
• Diabetes
• Raised Cholesterol
• Hypertension
• Obesity

Obviously there is not much that can be done to change the first three items on the list! But by making positive lifestyle changes the others can be modified to reduce your risk.

As part of the screening process we use all the information above to calculate a risk score for you – essentially the risk of having a heart attack or stroke in the next 10 years.

We can then compare this risk to the score of a healthy person with the same age, sex and ethnicity as you. Furthermore, we can also use this data to calculate your heart age and compare this to your actual age.

Your risk score would then further determine if we need to do further tests or recommend medications like statins to lower your risk.

For example, a risk score of <10% is considered low risk. Between 10-20% we may recommend a CT Coronary Calcium scan to further asses your coronary arteries.

A CT coronary calcium scan takes multiple images of your heart and looks at calcium build up in the coronary arteries. This in turn reflects whether is plaque building up in the coronary arteries which could cause narrowing leading to angina and heart attacks.

CT coronary artery scores are graded and a tailored management plan put into place – such as aggressive risk factor reduction or referral to a cardiologist for further tests in cases of a high score.

Please contact us for further information.